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Узнать об Индии

Успех в международной торговле зависит не только от вас и ваших клиентов. Изучите деловую информацию о странах, с которыми работаете, ознакомьтесь с различными бизнес-практиками, культурами, обычаями и экономикой.

At a Glance

At 1.27 million square miles (3.29 million square kilometers), India is roughly a third of the size of the United States but is home to one sixth of the world's population, 1.17 billion people. Marked by an unusually high level of diversity, the country has 18 official languages, among which Hindi and English predominate, and more than 2,000 ethnic groups. Its workforce of 467 million people is concentrated in agriculture (52%), services and government (34%) and industry and commerce (14%). It has the world's twelfth-largest economy and the third-largest in Asia.

India is capitalizing on its large numbers of well-educated people skilled in the English language and its middle class its middle class is projected to grow tenfold by 2025. India continues to move forward, albeit haltingly, with market-oriented economic reforms that began in 1991. Reforms include increasingly liberal foreign investment and exchange regimes, industrial decontrol, reductions in tariffs and other trade barriers, opening and modernization of the financial sector, significant adjustments in government monetary and fiscal policies, and more safeguards for intellectual property rights, the State Department reports.

Financial Facts:
  • India's GDP in 2010 was Rs. 53133.5 Billion.
  • A growth rate of 9.1% over 2009
  • Services and account for 10.1% of GDP
  • Industry (7.9%) and agriculture (6.6%)

India has engaged in activities to strengthen its commercial ties with the United States, Japan, the European Union, Iran, China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. However, the U.S. Department of State notes that constraints on its economic growth include inadequate infrastructure, a cumbersome bureaucracy, corruption, labor market rigidities, regulatory and foreign investment controls, the ‘reservation’ of key products for small-scale industries and high (although declining) fiscal deficits. The outlook for further trade liberalization is mixed. India eliminated quotas on 1,420 consumer imports in 2002 and has incrementally lowered non-agricultural customs duties in recent successive budgets. However, the tax structure is complex, with compounding effects of various taxes.

Perhaps you’re interested in establishing a partnership with one of the country’s exporters. You may be considering joint ventures with Indian companies, franchise or licensing opportunities or sales of your products and services in India. Whatever your interests and needs, the resources provided here will lead you to information that can support your entry into this market.

According to the U.S. Department of State, India is continuing to move forward with market-oriented economic reforms that began in 1991. Recent reforms include liberalized foreign investment and exchange regimes, industrial decontrol, significant reductions in tariffs and other trade barriers, reform and modernization of the financial sector, significant adjustments in government monetary and fiscal policies and safeguarding intellectual property rights. The resources in this section will help you to assess your company’s potential in this enormous market.

Product exports led by engineering goods, petroleum products, precious stones, cotton apparel and fabrics, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, and tea. Services exports represent more than one third of India's total exports. Major imports include petroleum, machinery and transport equipment, electronic goods, edible oils, fertilizers, chemicals, gold, textiles, iron and steel. India's major trading partners are the US, China, UAE, EU, Russia, and Japan.